بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Tuesday, 15 August 2017

HUMAN RIGHTS IN ISLAM

Prophet Mohammad (SAW) hadith says:


_STARTING WITH THE GREATEST NAME OF ALLAH (SWT),WHO GIVE US,GIVE US AND FORGIVE US AND WE GET,GET AND FORGET_.....

A)   Meaning of the rights:-

*Right* is translated into Arabic as 'haq' ; the plural of which is 'huqooq'.The opposite of haq ( right) is farz( duty).In other words, one’s right is quintessentially the duty of the other. The concept of human rights  in Islam begins with the respect for humanity. ALLAH(SWT) has said in the Holy Qur'an:
_"We have honored the sons of Adam"_

 

Prophet Mohammad (SAW) hadith says:

All mankind is the progeny of Adam and Adam was fashioned out of the clay.

B) Basic human rights in the light of Islam:

The basic human rights which Islam gives to humans are  given under- mentioned:
1) Respect for humanity
ALLAH(SWT) says in the Holy Qur'an.
" We have honored the sons of Adam".

2) Equality:

"O mankind! We created you from a single ( pair) of a male and a female",

3) Freedom:
ALLAH (SWT) has created every human being free.

4) Justice;
ALLAH (SWT) says in the Holy Qur'an,
" Say, My LORD has commanded justice;

5) Forbearance ;
In a society that is devoid of the virtues of of forbearance and tolerance, even the human rights remain elusive. Islam not only respects the non- Muslims but it also provides them with unprecedented rights. It explicitly states that there is no compulsion in religion as is said by 
ALLAH(SWT).:
"Let there be no compulsion in ( acceptance) of religion.

6) Protection of life and property;
Islam gives every person the right of the protection of life ,property and honor.

7) Right to education;
This point is very important to be kept in our mind. ALLAH( SWT) says in the Holy Qur'an
" Proclaim! (or read!) in the name of your LORD.

8) Right to be looked after:
It is on of the basic and very important rights of man that he should be taken care of by others or by the state.
 Basic human rights in the light of Islam:


C) Beginning and evolution of basic human rights in the West: 

" The history of human rights in the West traces its origin from ancient Greece and Rome. Athenians were permitted to take part in their important meetings. West countries have played very important role in the modern history of human rights. One of the example is 'The Magna Carta' of 1215 is considered a milestone in fostering the civil liberties. These rights were further widened through the Bill of rights of 1639.In USA,these rights were granted through the Bill of rights of 1971.This Bill is the collective name for the first ten amendments to the United states constitution. Similarly in France, the basic rights of the citizens and civil liberties were granted on August 26,1789.The Declaration emphasized that the humans are born free and they are equal and free in their rights. These rights were recognized in the realms of freedom and independence , property,brotherhood,equality,protection and resistance against oppression and tyranny. The definition of 'freedom' includes freedom of speech, freedom to assemble, religious freedom and freedom of being not unilaterally arrested.
Collective rights:


* Advice to be trustworthy in collective affairs.
* Right to social equality 


The Holy Prophet Mohammad (SAW) said:

" He who(amongst you) has any trust with him, he must return it to its owner. All debts must be  repaid, all borrowed property must be returned and a surety must make good the loss to the assured".


Right to social equality;

O people! Verily, your LORD is one and your father is one. All of you belong to one ancestry of Adam and Adam was created out of clay.


 Legal rights:
* Equality before law
The Holy Prophet Mohammad (SAW) said;
"For a qatl-i-amd (murder by intention), there is qisas and for Qatl-i-shibh-i-amd, there is diyat (compensation) of 100 camels. And who transgresses is verily among the ignorant".

* Seeking Justice:
It has been said in a hadith:
" Beware! No one committing a crime is responsible for it but himself. Neither the child is responsible for the crime of his father, nor is the father is responsible for the crime of his child".



Economic rights:
In this context, it has been said:
" Behold! All practices of the days of ignorance are now under my feet. All interest and usurious dues accruing from the times of ignorance  stand wiped out. Your capital,however,is yours to keep. You will neither inflict nor suffer any inequity.


Human rights at national level:
* Obeying the rulers
The Prophet (SAW) said
"O people! Obey your rulers".
* Right to lead a life based on Peace and 'live and let live'
The Prophet ( SAW) said:
" The blood revenges of the days of ignorance are remitted. The first claim on blood I abolish is that of Ibn Rabiah bin Harith who was nursed in the tribe of Sa'ad and whom the Hudhayls killed".


Establishing a Universal Muslim brotherhood:
The Prophet (SAW) said:
"O people! Every Muslim is the brother of every other Muslim, and all the Muslims from one brotherhood. It is forbidden for any of you to take from his brother save what the latter should willingly give. Do not oppress the people".
  Establishing a Universal Muslim brotherhood in Islam:


 Written By:-
                  Syed Ihtisham Ulhaq Bin Syed Moulana Muhammad Khwaja Din

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