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Wednesday, 10 October 2018

FIVE PILLARS OF ISLAM





All] praise is [due] to Allah, Creator of the heavens and the earth, [who] made the angels messengers having wings, two or three or four. He increases in creation what He wills. Indeed, Allah is over all things competent.



Al-Quran 35:1 

Introduction of the topic


Five pillars of Islam are;
1) SHAHADA (Confession of Faith)
2) Salat (Prayer)
3) Zakat (Almsgiving)
4) Sawm (Fasting, especially in the month of Ramadan)
5) Hajj (The Pilgrimage of Makkah).
The about five pillars are also called the pillars of the Faith. 
The details of above mentioned important points are given under-mentioned.

 SHAHADA Confession of  FAITH


Though the two phrases of the shahada are both present in the Quran.The expression al-shahada (the Witnessed) is used in Quran as one of the "titles of ALLAH(SWT)". In Islam, the shahada has two parts: la ilaha illa'llah (there is no god but 
ALLAH(SWT), and Muhammadun rasul Allah (Muhammad is the messenger of ALLAH(SWT), which are sometimes referred to as the first shahada and the second shahada. 
أشهد أن لا إله إلاَّ الله و أشهد أن محمد رسول الله
The meaning is: "I testify that there is no god but God (Allah (SWT)), and I testify that Muhammad is the messenger of God (Allah(SWT). 

The text of the declaration is called the Kalima, meaning "words." Recitation of the Shahadah is the most important of the Five Pillars of Islam for Muslims and is performed daily as part of the Salat. Recitation of the Shahada in public is also the requirement for conversion to Islam. 

SALAT (PRAYER)


Salah (ṣalah) is an Arabic word whose basic meaning is "communication". In its English usage, the reference of the word is almost always confined to the Muslim.
Praying five times a day, kneeling towards Mecca. There are specific ritualistic movements and prayers that are said.
Prayer can be spoken, silent (no talking). It can be used to praise ALLAH(SWT) or to ask for something including any sort of help and forgiveness. Prayers can be said over and over again. 

*SALAH IN THE QURAN*

  
الم ذَٰلِكَ ٱلْكِتَٰبُ لَا رَيْبَۛ فِيهِۛ هُدًى لِّلْمُتَّقِينَ
ٱلَّذِينَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِٱلْغَيْبِ وَيُقِيمُونَ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَٰهُمْ يُنفِقُونَ وَٱلَّذِينَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِمَآ أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكَ وَمَآ أُنزِلَ مِن قَبْلِكَ وَبِٱلآخِرَةِ هُمْ يُوقِنُونَ أُو۟لَٰٓئِكَ عَلَىٰ هُدًى مِّن رَّبِّهِمْۖ وَأُو۟لَٰٓئِكَ هُمُ ٱلْمُفْلِحُونَ 
Al-Qur'an 2:2-5

Translation:
 This is the Book about which there is no doubt, a guidance for those conscious of Allah.
Who believe in the unseen, establish prayer, and spend out of what We have provided for them,
And who believe in what has been revealed to you, and what was revealed before you, and of the Hereafter they are certain.
Those are upon guidance from their Lord, and those are the successful.

وَأَقِيمُوا۟ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ وَءَاتُوا۟ ٱلزَّڪَوٰةَ وَٱرْڪَعُوا۟ مَعَ ٱلرَّٰڪِعِينَ
Al- Qur'an 2:43

Translation: And establish prayer and give Zakah and bow with those who bow [in worship and obedience].

PURPOSE AND IMPORTANCE


The  purpose of salah is to act as a person's communication with and remembrance of the LORD. By reciting "The Opening", the first sura (chapter) of the Quran, as required in daily worship, the worshiper can stand before ALLAH(SWT), thank and praise him, and ask for guidance along the "Straight Path".
There are lots of benefits of Salah.Those who perform five times prayer will be rewarded in the world and in hereafter both.

 ZAKAT (ALMSGIVING)


Zakat, the giving of alms to the poor and needy, is one of the five pillars of Islam. It is obligatory upon every adult Muslim of sound mind and means.
The individual must own a specific amount of wealth or savings (after living costs, expenses etc). This is referred to as Nisaab and is the threshold at which Zakat becomes payable. The amount of Zakat to be paid is 2.5% of Nisaab .

"The alms are only for the Fuqara' (the poor), and Al-Masakin (the needy) and those employed to collect (the funds); and to attract the hearts of those who have been inclined (towards Islam); and to free the captives; and for those in debt; and for Allah's Cause, and for the wayfarer (a traveler who is cut off from everything); a duty imposed by Allah. And Allah is All-Knower, All-Wise." [Al-Quran 9:60]

"They ask you as to what they should spend. Say: Whatever wealth you spend, it is for the parents and the near of kin and the orphans and the needy and the wayfarer, and whatever good you do, Allah surely knows it." [Al-Quran 2:215] 

*TO WHOM ZAKAT IS GIVEN?*

The under-mentioned people can receive Zakat;

1) The Fuqara’ (the poor)
2) Al-Maskin (the needy)
3) Aamileen (Zakat collector)
4) Muallafatul Quloob (poor and needy who recently converted to Islam)
5) Ar-Riqaab (slaves; Zakat can be used to purchase their freedom)
6) Ibnus-Sabeel: A stranded traveller in need of financial assistance.
7) Al Ghaarimeen: A debtor
Fi Sabeelillah: Those who are away from home in the path of Allah.

SAWM (FASTING)


Definition:-
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Muslims are prohibited from eating, drinking and engaging in conjugal sexual relationships from dawn (fajr) to sunset (maghrib). 

*FASTING IN THE HOLY QURAN*


"O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous".
----  Quran, Surah Al-Baqarah (2), Ayah 183

"[Fasting for] a limited number of days. So whoever among you is ill or on a journey [during them] - then an equal number of days [are to be made up]. And upon those who are able [to fast, but with hardship] - a ransom [as substitute] of feeding a poor person [each day]. And whoever volunteers excess - it is better for him. But to fast is best for you, if you only knew."
— Quran, Surah Al-Baqarah (2), Ayah 184 

"The month of Ramadhan [is that] in which was revealed the Qur'an, a guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and criterion. So whoever sights [the new moon of] the month, let him fast it; and whoever is ill or on a journey - then an equal number of other days. Allah intends for you ease and does not intend for you hardship and [wants] for you to complete the period and to glorify Allah for that [to] which He has guided you; and perhaps you will be grateful."
— Quran, Surah Al-Baqarah (2), Ayah 185.

 (HAJJ) ( THE PILGRIMAGE TO MAKKAH)


Definition:-
----------------------

The Hajj "pilgrimage" is an annual Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia,the holiest city for Muslims, and a mandatory religious duty for Muslims that must be carried out at least once in their lifetime by all adult Muslims who are physically and financially capable of undertaking the journey, and can support their family during their absence.

*HAJJ IN THE HOLY QURAN*


وَلِلَّهِ عَلَى النَّاسِ حِجُّ الْبَيْتِ مَنِ اسْتَطَاعَ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيلًاوَمَن كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَنِيٌّ عَنِ الْعَالَمِين َ

And Pilgrimage to the House is incumbent upon men for the sake of Allah, (upon) every one who is able to undertake the journey to it; and whoever disbelieves, then surely Allah is Self-sufficient, above any need of the worlds. (Aal-e-Imran, Chapter #3, Verse # 97)


وَأَتِمُّوا الْحَجَّ وَالْعُمْرَةَ لِلَّهِ 

And complete the Hajj or Umrah in the service of Allah
(Al-Baqara


*Sayings of Holy Prophet Hazrat Mohammad(SAW) are**

Hadith # 01: 
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"If Hajj  became obligatory, whoever dies without having performed Hajj dies a Jew or a Christian."


Hadith # 02:
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"If Hajj becomes obligatory on a person and it is not performed, then he/she will be raised as a Christian or Jew on the Day of Judgment."


Hadith # 03: 
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"When a person, on whom Hajj becomes obligatory, completes the Hajj properly, his/her sins are forgiven such as if he/she is a newly born child."

Hadith # 04:
------------------------
When a person completes a Hajj properly, his/her every prayer is accepted for four months.

*POINT TO PONDER*
If you find any sort of mistake  it is humble requested to you that inform us on the mentioned email.
Suggestions are highly appreciated on behalf of readers.
Remember us in your prayers.


Written By:-
                  Syed Ihtisham Ulhaq Bin Syed Moulana Muhammad Khwaja Din  


Tuesday, 2 October 2018

LIFE OF HAZRAT ALI RA

SPOUSES OF IMAM ALI (RA):-


STARTING WITH THE GREATEST NAME OF ALLAH(SWT WHO IS THE MASTER AND KING OF THE WHOLE UNIVERSE.

INTRODUCTION:-

----------------------------

Hazrat Ali (RA) belonged to the tribe Quraish and the family of Bani Hashim in Makah. He was born In the Holy Kabah in Makah on Friday, 13th Rajab 23 BH. He (RA) was the son of Hazrat Abu Talib (RA) the uncle of Holy Prophet (SAW), who had nourished and brought up Hazrat Muhammad (SAW). His mother Fatima bint-e Asad was also a noble lady belonging to the tribe of Bani Hashim whom the Prophet (SAW) respected as his own mother.  When he was born his name was suggested by Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) that’s why his name became more significant. Hazrat Ali (R.A) had a great honor of being the first cousin of Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) and was also brought up under His kind and inspiring supervision for most of the time of his life. 

EARLY LIFE:-

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Hazrat Ali (RA) was the first among youth who accepted Islam when He was at the age of 10. Hazrat Ali (R.A) was only 10 years old when the Messenger of Almighty Allah received the very first Revelation from the Almighty Lord. He (SAW) was directed to start preaching of Islam from His own family. That’s why He (SAW) started preaching of Islam from His family and closest relatives. For this purpose, He (SAW) invited all to the meal and asked from all of them that “Who will join me in the cause of Almighty Allah?” The entire gathering remained silent, but the little Ali (R.A) stood up with great courage and made his firm belief in the Word of Righteousness known in front of all. He (RA) said, “Though my eyes are sore, my legs are thin and I am the youngest of all those present here yet I will stand by you, O Messenger of Allah.” Thus he became the first youth to enter the loop of Islam.
Born to Abu Talib and Fatimah bint Asad, Ali is the only person to be born in the sacred sanctuary of the Kaaba in Mecca, the holiest place in Islam, according to many classical Islamic sources, especially Shia ones.Ali was the first male who accepted Islam and according to some authors the first Muslim.Ali protected Muhammad from an early age and took part in almost all the battles fought by the nascent Muslim community. After migrating to Medina, he married Muhammad's daughter Fatimah.

HIS KNOWLEDGE:-

--------------------------------


Since Allah had inspired the Prophet(SAW)  with the science of Quran and the Islamic principles, Muslims considered that the Prophet (SAW) is the one who has the knowledge of all sciences. They were worried because there was no enough time to learn from His(SAW) knowledge. So, He (SAW) told them:

"I am the city of knowledge, and Ali (RA) is its gate and the one who wants to enter this city must pass through its gate."

That is due to the fact that Ali (RA) lived with the Prophet (SAW), learned all his knowledge and was the only companion who was able to answer all questions concerning all issues. He was the authority whom all the companions used to refer to, while he did not have to ask anyone about any issue.
Ali (RA) gained this high degree of knowledge because he learned it directly from the Prophet (SAW).

SPOUSES OF IMAM ALI (RA):-

---------------------------------------------
1) Hazrat Fatima Bint Mohammad Ur  Rasool Ullah.
2)  Hazrat Umamah bint Zainab
3) Hazrat Leila bint Masoud
4) Hazrat Asma bint Umays
5) Hazrat Khawlah bint Ja'far
6) Hazrat Al Sahba bint Rabi'ah.

DESCENDENTS:-
-----------------------------

1) Hazrat Hasaan(RA)
2) Hazrat Hussain(RA)
3) Hazrat Zaynab(RA)
4) Hazrat Umm Kulthum(RA)
5) Hazrat Muhsin(RA)
6) Hazrat Mohammad(RA)
7) Hazrat Abbas(RA)
8) Hazrat Abdullah(RA)
9) Hazrat Hilal(RA)
10) Hazrat Mohammad Ibn Abi Bakar(RA) ( Stepson).

SHAHDAT:-
29 January 661 (  Ramadan AH 40)   (Aged 59)
Kufa, Iraq, Rashidun Empire.

BURIAL:-
------------------

Imam Ali Masjid, Najaf, Iraq.


Point to ponder:-
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It is requested to all readers, if you find any sort of mistake please let us confirm so that we may not commit any kind of mistake in upcoming articles. And also remember us in your prayers.


Written By:-
                  Syed Ihtisham Ulhaq Bin Syed Moulana Muhammad Khwaja Din 

Monday, 29 January 2018

Women Rights in Islam

 Rights of Mother:- Rights after death:-

Starting with the greatest name of ALLAH  (SWT),who is the owner, sustainer and destroyer and we get, get and forget.

The topic of today is WOMEN RIGHTS IN SLAM.
Islam is the religion of peace, prosperity and harmony. Islam specifies everybody rights. If 
we talk about Women rights, we should discuss in detail. In women, mother, sister and wife means each of one has own rights.

 Rights of Mother:-

Islam enforces us to respect your mother. Islam gives us lesson to obey her in every lawful activities. She should not be hurt.
Some of rights are given under-mentioned;
1) Not to harm and offend her, even if she commits some excess and offence.
2) To respect and honor her by word and action.
3) To obey them in all matters that are lawful in the Shair'ah, and to help her with money , even though she may be unbelievers.

 Rights after death:-

1) To pray regularly for her salvation and divine mercy from Allah (SWT) and to send her benefits and rewards of optional payers and monetary donations in charity.
2) To deal with her friends and acquaintances with monetary concessions, physical services and nice behavior.
3) To visit their graves and offer "Fatiha" from time to time.
           Nobody can fulfill the rights of mother but we should try the best level to respect her with the core of heart.
Let's discuss wife rights in Islam. We should know the rights of wife because this is very very important. Islam has specified her rights from every angle so let's discuss. The wife has the following rights over her husband:-


The rights of wife:-


1) the husband should not hesitate in meeting the cost of her living as far as his means permit.
2) He should teach her religious problems and insist upon her to do good deeds.
3) He should allow her from time to time to see her close relatives and tolerate her shortcomings. If disciplinary action is ever needed he should be moderate in this.


 Rights of Sister:-


Islam tells us to be very kind towards your sisters. Sisters should not be ignored at all especially in property. It has been mentioned in a Tradition that an elder brother is just like a father. As such , a younger brother is like a son. The reciprocal rights among them will be just like those existing between the parents and their children. The rights of an elder sister and younger sister may be determined on this analogy.
After all such above mentioned rights we should discuss daughter rights as well.


Rights of Daughters:-


The children have also their rights over their parents, just as their parents have rights over their children. Those rights are as follows:-
1) To bring them up during their childhood with affection which has been considered as an act of great virtue. It has specially been emphasized that one should not feel disgusted with daughters. It is also an act of real virtue to take care of , and bring up , daughters. If it becomes necessary to engage a foster mother of good character and right religious belief should be engaged, because the milk has an effect on the conduct and character of the suckling baby.
2) Parents should marry them according to their options.
3) To give them religious education and discipline.
4) To marry them as soon as they reach marriageable age.
5) If the girl becomes a widow , then look after her well and bear all the expenses necessary to support her , till her second marriage.




Wednesday, 8 November 2017

ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE

I START WITH THE GREATEST NAME OF ALLAH (SWT) WHO IS THE MOST COMPASSIONATE AND THE MOST MERCIFUL.
There are two styles which encompass a wide range of both religious and secular from the foundation of Islam till today.
While all such have unique characteristics like it's geometrically patterned ornaments,
it does scotch some influence from Roman, Persian, Indian architectures as Islam was present in all regions especially from Near East and North Africa to East Asia.

Types of Islamic Architecture

There are four types of Islamic Architecture which are given under-mentioned;
1) The Mosque
2) The Tomb
3) The Palace
4) The Fort

From the above-mentioned terminologies, Islamic Architecture is taken and used for other buildings viz fountains, public baths, and other domestic architectures.
There are different symbolic views of some scholars on Islamic architecture which have been consistently criticized by historians for lacking historical evidence.





Fatimid architecture:-

Tuesday, 24 October 2017

FORGIVENESS IN ISLAM

Very important Hadith and Forgiveness in Islam_:-

Sunday, 22 October 2017

LIFE OF HAZRAT UMAR (RA)

 _When Hazrat Umar (RA) was born_:

Monday, 9 October 2017

ISLAMIC CORPORATE GOVERNANCE:-

ISLAM ON GOOD GOVERNANCE:-

IN THE NAME OF ALLAH (SWT), THE MOST COMPASSIONATE AND THE MOST MERCIFUL.

ISLAM ON GOOD GOVERNANCE:- 

No nation can dream of progress and development without good provenance. It is necessary for all state and non-state organizations to abide by the principles of good governance in order to move forward and achieve the goal of public warfare.
If we talk about state level, it will be regarded important and connected with a nation's overall development and its sustainability. Mob cannot go forward until they follow the principles of good governance. Good governance is a culture that makes people act responsibly, thoughtfully and sincerely.

People in authority act within the parameters of the law and take upon themselves the country's concerns and hardships. They remain impersonal in the discharge of their responsibilities and imperturbable in front of critics. However, we have a shining example when the Holy Prophet Hazrat Mohammad (SAW) became head of the state of Medina and exemplified good governance. He created a bond of brotherhood among the Muslim citizens, concluded agreements with non-Muslims and remained concerned about their welfare. He upheld the Islamic value system in which justice remains central. HE declared that all humans are the offspring of Adam and that there is no difference between Arab and non-Arab (Ajam).

Islam is the best religion which guides us in all aspects of human life. Our value system originates mainly from the Holy Quran and our progress is forever dependent on its application. We find a number of Quranic injunctions considered to contain the essentials of good governance.
ISLAM ON GOOD GOVERNANCE:-